Regrese al menú principal
Peer Review Meetings




W. Randolph Chitwood Jr., M.D., FACS, FRCS (Eng)
Senior Associate Vice-Chancellor for Health Affairs
Director, East Carolina Heart Institute
Jefe, Divisi
ón de Cirugia Cardiotoracica y Vascular
Greenville, North Carolina

252.744.4822

Name: Walter Randolph Chitwood, Jr.

Contact Information:
Brody School of Medicine
East Carolina University
Department of Surgery
Room 277, PCMH Teaching Annex
600 Moye Boulevard, Greenville, North Carolina 27858
E-mail address: chitwoodw@mail.ecu.edu
URL: http://www.surgery.ecu.edu/chair.htm
Phone Number: (252) 744-4822
Fax Number: (252) 744-3051

Specialties:
Adult Cardiac Surgery
General Thoracic Surgery

Surgical Interests:
Clinical:
Aortic Root Reconstruction
Complex Coronary Revascularization
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
Mitral and Aortic Valve Repair and Reconstruction
Surgical Robotics/Robotic Cardiac Surgery
Valvular Heart Disease
Academic:
Allograft Arterial Conduits
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
Myocardial Preservation


Education:
University:
1964-1968
B.S. in Economics, History, and Chemistry
Hampden-Sydney College
Hampden-Sydney, Virginia

1971-1974
M.D.
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

Postdoctoral Training:
1974-1975
Surgical Intern
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

1975-1976
Junior Assistant resident
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

1978-1982
Senior Assistant Resident
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

1982-1983
Chief Resident in General and Thoracic Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

1983-1984
Teaching Scholar in Cardiac Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina


Research Fellowship:
1976-1978
Cardiovascular Physiology - Dr. Andrew Wechsler
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Licensures: North Carolina, Kentucky

Certifications:
Diplomate of the National Board of Medical Examiners

Diplomate of the American Board of Surgery
(Recertified January 1993-2005)

Diplomate of the American Board of Thoracic Surgery
(Recertified January 1994-2006)

Employment:
1968-1970
Textile Chemist
E.I. Dupont de Nem ours & Company, Inc.
Wilmington, Delaware

1970-1971
Biology Instructor
Hampden-Sydney College
Hampden-Sydney, Virginia

1974-1984
Surgical Resident
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

1984-1988
Professor of Surgery
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

Chief of Division of Cardiac Surgery
East Carolina University School of Medicine and
Pitt County Memorial Hospital
Greenville, North Carolina

1986-present
Adjunct Professor of Physiology
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

1988-1989
Chief of Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery and
Director of Cardiothoracic residency Program
University of Kentucky Medical Center
Lexington, Kentucky

Chief of Cardiac Surgery
Veterans Administration Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky

Consultant
Central Baptist Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky

Consultant
St. Joseph Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky

1989-1996
Vice Chairman of the Department of Surgery
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Pitt County Memorial Hospital
Greenville, North Carolina

1989-present
Executive Director of the Heart Center
University Health Systems of Eastern North Carolina (new
name of Pitt County Memorial Hospital as of January 1999)

Greenville, North Carolina

Professor and Chief of the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University(new
name of Medical School as of December 1999)

University Health Systems of Eastern North Carolina
Greenville, North Carolina

1990 (September-November)
Professor of Surgery
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

Acting Chairmanof the Department of Surgery
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Pitt County Memorial Hospital
Greenville, North Carolina

1996-present
Professor of Surgery
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

1996-2003
Chairman of the Department of Surgery
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
University Health Systems of Eastern North Carolina
Greenville, North Carolina

2001-2002
Adjunct Professor of Excercise and Sport Science
East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

2003-present
Senior Associate Vice Chancellor, Health Sciences Division
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University


Research Experience:
1970-1971
Hampden-Sydney College
Department of Biology -- E. A. Crawford
Subject: Embryonic Development
Hampden-Sydney, Virginia

1971-1972
University of Virginia
Department of Anatomy -- Dr. Richard Keefe
Subject: Retinal Development and Transplantation
Charlottesville, Virginia

1976-1978
Duke University Medical Center and Durham Veterans
Administration
Department of Surgery -- Dr. Andrew Wechsler
Subject: Coronary Artery Physiology and Ventricular Function
Durham, North Carolina

1981
Asheville Veterans Administration Hospital
Department of Surgery -- Dr. Stewart Scott
Subject: Measurement of Graft Compliance Using
Sonomicrometry
Asheville, North Carolina

1984-1988
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Subject: Development of a Cardiac Physiology Laboratory:
Ventricular Function, Blood Flow, and Metabolism
Greenville, North Carolina

1988-1989
University of Kentucky
Subjects: Ventricular Function, Coronary Blood Flow, and
Organ Preservation
Lexington, Kentucky

1989-present
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
Subjects: Ventricular Function and Metabolism, Coronary
Blood Flow, Myocardial Preservation, Endothelial Function,
and Myocardial Molecular Biology
Greenville, North Carolina

1998-present
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
Subjects: Robotics and Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
Greenville, North Carolina

Committees:


Local:
1984-1989
Ad Hoc Committee for the Development of the Heart Center (Chairman)

Board of Directors of the Carolina Organ Procurement Agency

1984-1995
Cardiac Surgery Intensive Care Unit Committee

1984-present
Department of Surgery Executive Committee

1986-1989
Human Organ Transplantation Committee

1989-1998
Department of Surgery Personnel Committee

1989-present
Board of Directors for the Medical Faculty Practice Plan
Operating Room Committee

1990-present
Executive Committee of the Heart Center (Chairman)

1995-1997
Leo Jenkins Cancer Center Executive Committee

1997-1998
Steering Committee of the East Carolina Health Organization

1997-present
Chiefs of Services Committee
Clinical Chairs Committee
Finance Committee of the East Carolina Health Organization
Graduate Medical Education Policy Committee
Group Practice Management Advisory Committee
Surgicenter Board of Trustees
Surgicenter Executive Committee
Wellness Center Physician Advisory Committee

1999-present
Executive Commitee of the Brody School of Medicine at East
Carolina University

2000-2001
Ad Hoc Executive Committee of the Brody School of
Medicine at East Carolina University

ECU Physicians Practice Plan Board Ad Hoc Committee

Executive Council of the Brody School of Medicine at East
Carolina University

M-4 Student Review and Promotion Committee

Research Committee

State:
1990 - 1995 Executive Council of the American College of Cardiology,
North Carolina Chapter (Councilor)

1991 - 1992 Research Review Committee of the American Heart
Association, North Carolina Affiliate

1992 North Carolina Health Coordinating Council Task Force on
Cardiac Surgery

1992 - 1998 Board of Directors of the American Heart Association, North
Carolina Affiliate

1994 American Heart Association, North Carolina Affiliate (President-elect)

1995 - 1996 American Heart Association, North Carolina Affiliate (President)

1995 - present North Carolina Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Task
Force

1996 - 1997 American Heart Association, North Carolina Affiliate (Immediate Past President)

National:
1988 - 1991 Anesthesiology, Radiology, and Cardiothoracic Surgery
Research Study Committee of the American Heart
Association

1988 - 1994 Cardiovascular Surgery Committee of the American College
of Cardiology

1988 - 1995 American College of Cardiology (Abstract Grader)

1990 National Institutes of Health (Ad Hoc Reviewer for the Surgery and Bioengineering Study Section)

Society of University Surgeons (Nominating Committee)

1990 - 1995 American Heart Association (Abstract Grader)

1992 - 1995 American College of Chest Physicians (Abstract Grader)

1993 - 1996 Steering Committee of the American College of Chest
Physicians, Cardiac Surgery Section (Chairman)

1994 Program Committee for the Annual International Scientific
Assembly of the American College of Chest Physicians

1994 - 1997 American College of Chest Physicians Board of Regents (Designated Regent)

Database Research and Development Committee of the
American College of Cardiology

1994 - 2000 Economics of Health Care Delivery Committee of the
American College of Cardiology

1995 - 1996 Public Affairs Committee of the American College of Chest Physicians

1995 - 1997 Committee on Health and Science Policy for the American
College of Chest Physicians

1995 - 2000 Coordinating Committee for Continuing Education in
Thoracic Surgery for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons

1996 - 1998 Examination Consultant Committee of the American Board of Thoracic Surgery

1996 - 2001 Executive Committee of the American Heart Association's Council on Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery (Member-at-Large)

Joint Committee on New Technology Assessment for the
Society of Thoracic Surgeons

1997 Ad Hoc Task Force on Practice Expense for the American College of Cardiology

Program Committee of the Southern Thoracic Surgical Association

1997 - 2000 Young Investigators Awards Committee of the American College of Cardiology

1998 - present Board of Trustees at Hampden-Sydney College

1999 - 2000 Information Technology Committee of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Coordinating Committee for Continuing Education in Thoracic Surgery

Program Committee of the Southern Thoracic Surgical Association (Chair)

1999 - 2001 Annals Liaison Committee of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Society of Heart Valve Disease (Secretary General)

1999 - 2002 Cardiovascular Surgery Committee of the American College of Cardiology (Chair)

Transplant and End-Stage Heart Failure Committee of the American College of Cardiology

1999-2005 Program Committee of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons

1999-present Committee on New Technology Assessment for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American Association for Thoracic Surgery

2000-present Council of the Society for Thoracic Surgeons (Councilor-at-Large)

Corporate Committee of the Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education

2001-2002 International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery (President-Elect)

Program Committee of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Society for Heart Valve Disease (President-Elect)

2001-2004 Program Committee of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery (Member-at-Large)

2002-2003 International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery (President)

2003-2004 CTS net Board of Directors

2003-2005 Society for Heart Valve Disease (President)

Editorial Boards:

Past:
American Association of Thoracic Surgeons' Internet Journal Review Editorial Board
Cardiac Chronicle
Chest
CT Digest
SESATS VI
SESATS VII
The Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques


Current:
American Heart Journal
Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Asian Annals of Thoracic Surgery
CTS Net
Current Surgery
The Heart Surgery Forum
The Journal of Cardiac Surgery
The Journal of Heart Valve Disease
(Associate Editor)
The Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques


Guest Reviewer:
1989 - present Journal of the American College of Cardiology
1990 - present Circulation-Journal of the American Heart Association
1995 - present Journal of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery
1998 - present European Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

Honorary Fraternities:
Alpha Omega Alpha
Omicron Delta Kappa
Phi Kappa Phi
Pi Delta Epsilon
Sigma Xi

Social Fraternity:
Pi Kappa Alpha

Professional Societies:
American Association for History of Medicine

American Association for Thoracic Surgery

American Surgical Association (Fellow)

American College of Cardiology (Fellow)

American College of Chest Physicians (Fellow)

American College of Surgeons (Fellow)

American Heart Association

American Medical Association

American Osler Society

American Physiological Society

American Thoracic Society

Argentine Society of Cardiology (Honorary)

Association for Academic Surgery

Association for Patient-Oriented Research

Association of Program Directors in Surgery

Cardiothoracic Surgery Biology Club

David C. Sabiston, Jr., M.D. Surgical Society

European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery

International Society for Heart Transplantation

International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery

International Society of Cardiothoracic Surgeons

North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology

North Carolina Medical Society

North Carolina Surgical Association

North Carolina Thoracic Society

Pitt County Medical Society

Royal College of Surgeons of England (Fellow)

Royal Society of Medicine (Fellow)

Societe Internationale de Chirurgie

Society for Heart Valve Disease

Society for Thoracic Surgical Education

Society of Surgical Chairmen

Society of Thoracic Surgeons

Society of University Surgeons

Southern Surgical Association (Fellow)

Southern Thoracic Surgical Association

Surgical Biology Club III

Walter J. Pories, M.D. Surgical Society

Research Awards and Grants:
1976 - 1978 National Institutes of Health's Cardiovascular Training Grant

1977 - 1978 Research Grant from the American Heart Association, North
Carolina Chapter
Subject: New Method for Measuring Regional Blood Flow

1978 The University of Virginia's John Horsley Research Prize
Subject: Effect of Hypothermic Perfusion on Collateral Coronary Circulation

1984 - 1985 Research Grant from the American Heart Association, North Carolina Chapter
Subject: Retrograde Coronary Sinus Cardioplegia in a Collateral Model

1985 - 1986 Medtronic Corporation Grant
Subject: Evaluation of a Bio-absorbable Graft Material in Growing Aortas

1987 - 1988 Research Grant from the American Heart Association, North Carolina Chapter
Subject: Protection of Hypertrophied Hearts by Retrograde Cardioplegia

1988 - 1989 Veteran's Administration Research Grant
Subject: Protection of Hypertrophied Myocardium Using Retrograde Cardioplegia

1999 - present U.S. Surgical Center of Excellence Grant
Subject: Minimally Invasive Surgery

Regional, National, and International Presentations:
1977
Spring Cardiovascular Symposium
Durham, North Carolina

American College of Surgeons
Dallas, Texas

1978
Society for Thoracic Surgeons
Orlando, Florida

Spring Cardiovascular Symposium
Durham, North Carolina

American Physiological Society
St. Louis, Missouri

American College of Surgeons
San Francisco, California

1979
American College of Cardiology
Miami, Florida

Spring Cardiovascular Symposium
Durham, North Carolina

Fifth Workshop on Contractile Behavior of the Heart
Antwerp, Belgium

Max Planck Institute for Physiology
Bad Nauheim, West Germany

American College of Surgeons
Chicago, Illinois

1980
Spring Cardiovascular Symposium
Durham, North Carolina

Association of Academic Surgery
Birmingham, Alabama

1981
American College of Cardiology
San Francisco, California

Society of Surgery for the Alimentary Tract
New York, New York

1984

American College of Surgeons
San Francisco, California

1986

International Symposium on Thromboembolism
Gleneagles, Scotland

1987
Society for Thoracic Surgical Education
Phoenix, Arizona

American Heart Association
Anaheim, California

1988
Third International Symposium on Myocardial Protection Via
the Coronary Sinus
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Association for Academic Surgery
Salt Lake City, Utah

American Heart Association
Washington, District of Columbia

1990
American College of Cardiology
New Orleans, Louisiana

North Carolina Surgical Association
Pinehurst, North Carolina

Western Thoracic Surgical Association
San Diego, California

Society of Thoracic Surgeons
Chicago, Illinois

American Heart Association
Dallas, Texas

1991
American College of Surgeons
Chicago, Illinois

American Heart Association
Anaheim, California

1992
AmSect Region VII Perfusion Meeting
Denver, Colorado

American College of Cardiology
Dallas, Texas

North Carolina Surgical Association
Sea Island, Georgia

Southern Thoracic Surgical Association
Wesley Chapel, Florida

American College of Chest Physicians
Chicago, Illinois

American Heart Association
New Orleans, Louisiana

1993
Second Annual Cardiovascular Conference
Beaver Creek, Colorado

St. Jude Medical Cardiac Surgery Fellowship Symposium
Minneapolis, Minnesota

American College of Cardiology, North Carolina Chapter
Asheville, North Carolina

Association for Academic Surgery
Houston, Texas

Thirty-fifth World Congress International Society of Surgery
Retrograde Cardioplegia for Complex Valve Operations
Hong Kong, China

1994
Will C. Sealy Cardiovascular Symposium
Macon, Georgia

American College of Cardiology
Atlanta, Georgia

International Symposium on Myocardial Protection from
Surgical Ischemic Reperfusion Injury
Asheville, North Carolina

Second International Symposium on Myocardial
Preservation: Looking Toward the 21st Century
Chicago, Illinois

American College of Chest Surgeons
New Orleans, Louisiana

1995
David C. Sabiston, Jr. Surgical Society
Durham, North Carolina

1996
North Carolina Surgical Association
Hot Springs, Virginia

North Carolina Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Task Force
Greenville, North Carolina

Eastern Regional Cardiac Conference
Greenville, North Carolina

Internal Medicine Update Meeting
Atlantic Beach, North Carolina

American College of Chest Physicians
San Francisco, California

American Heart Association
New Orleans, Louisiana

1997
Beaufort County Medical Society
Washington, North Carolina

Sixteenth Live Teleconference on Pathophysiology and Techniques of Cardiopulmonary Bypass
San Diego, California

American Association for Thoracic Surgery
Washington, District of Columbia

Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Minneapolis, Minnesota

South Atlantic Cardiovascular Society
Williamsburg, Virginia

Rocky Mountain Valve Symposium VII
Missoula, Montana

International Symposium on Myocardial Protection for Surgical Ischemic Reperfusion Injury
Asheville, North Carolina

American College of Surgeons
Chicago, Illinois

American Heart Association
Orlando, Florida

American College of Chest Physicians
Cancun, Mexico

1998
New Era Cardiac Care: Innovation and Technology Meeting
Rancho Mirage, California

Fourth Symposium of Current Trends in Thoracic Surgery
New Orleans, Louisiana

Society for Thoracic Surgical Education
Grand Cayman, Bahamas

Medical Device Forum on Minimally Invasive Coronary
Surgery
Stanford, California

Cardiac Surgery Symposium for Thoracic Surgery Residents
Minneapolis, Minnesota

First Annual Update for Cardiologists
Atlanta, Georgia

Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine Conference
Atlanta, Georgia

North Carolina Surgical Association
Southern Pines, North Carolina

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Conference on Current Techniques in Video-Assisted Cardiac Surgery
Boston, Massachusetts

Seaboard Medical Association
Nags Head, North Carolina

Cardiac Care and Results Conference
Henry's Fork, Idaho

Rocky Mountain Valve Symposium VIII
Missoula, Montana

Sixty-sixth Annual Symposium of the American Heart
Association - Western States Affiliate
Los Angeles, California

Tenth Annual Symposium of Transcatheter Cardiovascular
Therapeutics
Washington, District of Columbia

Southern Thoracic Surgical Association
Orlando, Florida

The Magic of Minimally Invasive Surgery: A Comprehensive
Training Program
Cincinnati, Ohio

1999
New Era Cardiac Care: Innovation & Technology Meeting
Scottsdale, Arizona

Southeastern Surgical Nurses Association
Tampa, Florida

Cardiothoracic Techniques and Technology Meeting
San Antonio, Texas

Twelfth Annual Peak Performance Heart Valve Surgery Symposium
Alberta, Canada

American Association for Thoracic Surgery Adult Cardiac Surgery Symposium
New Orleans, LA

World Symposium on Heart Valve Disease
London, England

Cardiac Care and Results Conference
Henry's Fork, Idaho

Rocky Mountain Valve Symposium IX
Missoula, Montana

Live Teleconference on Pioneering Techniques in Cardiac
Surgery: The Standard of Tomorrow
Leipzig, Germany

Southern Thoracic Surgical Association
San Juan, Puerto Rico

2000

New Era Cardiac Care: Innovation and Technology Meeting
San Diego, California

HOAG Heart Institute Symposium
Newport Beach, California

Technically Challenging Procedures in Adult Cardiac Surgery:
The Ultimate "How To Do It" Course
Mashantucket, Connecticut

EACTS Satellite Symposium
Frankfurt, Germany

Pioneering Technology in Cardiothoracic Surgery Techniques
Leipzig, Germany

Mitral Valve Repair IX
Washington, District of Columbia

Twelfth Annual Transcatheter Cardiovascualar Therapeutics
Symposium
Washington, District of Columbia

Operating Room Technology for the New Millennium Workshop
Piitsburgh, Pennsylvania

The International Society of Cardio-Thoracic Surgeons 10th
World Congress
Vancouver, Canada

7th World Congress of Endoscopic Surgery
Singapore, Singapore

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: Outcomes, Innovations,
and Future Directions
Key West, Florida

St. Jude Medical Institute's Second Annual Mitral
Reconstructive Surgery Symposium
Milan, Italy

Rocky Mountain Valve Symposium X
Missoula, Montana

Society of Thoracic Surgeons
Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Robotics in Cardiac Surgery: The 1st North American Perspective
Columbus, Ohio

2001
New Era Cardiac Care: Innovation and Technology Meeting
Laguna Beach, California

Saudi Arabian Heart Association
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

37th Annual Meeting of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons
New Orleans, LA

Society for Heart Valve Disease Meeting
London, England

International Society for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
Munich, Germany

Southern Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery
Osaka, Japan

Emerging Therapies in Cardiovascular Disease Meeting
Princeville, Hawaii

University of South Carolina--Columbia School of Medicine
11th Annual Cardiology Symposium
Columbia, South Carolina

15th Annual USUHS/WRAMC Cardiothoracic Surgery Symposium
Bethesda, Maryland

Controversies in Adult Cardiac Surgery Meeting
Los Angeles, California

87th Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons
New Orleans, Louisiana

Edwards Lifesciences Residents 2001 Program
Newport Beach, California

Southern Thoracic Surgical Association
San Antonio, Texas

American Heart Association, San Antonio Division
Cardiovascular Society
San Antonio, Texas

2002
New Era Cardiac Care: Innovation and Technology Meeting
Dana Point, California

38th Annual Meeting of the Society for Thoracic Surgeons
Fort Lauderdale, Florida

The 15th Annual Cardiology Update
Miami, Florida

The Society for Thoracic Surgical Education
New York, New York

The Columbia Course on Minimally Invasive and Robotic Cardiac Surgery
New York, New York

51st Annual American College of Cardiology Scientific Meeting
Atlanta, Georgia

Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists Meeting
New York, New York

New Era Cardiac Care Conference: Innovation & Technology Meeting
Education II
Greenville, North Carolina

31st Annual Meeting of the German Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Leipzig, Germany

82nd Annual Meeting of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery
Washington, District of Columbia

Taiwan Society of Cardiology
Taipei, Taiwan

Eight-eighth Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons
San Francisco, California

Bay Area Society of Thoracic Surgeons
San Francisco, California

Huntington Rotary Club
Huntington, West Virginia

Southern Thoracic Surgical Association
Miami Beach, Florida

Raleigh Area Chapter of the American ssociation of Critical Care Nurses
Raleigh, North Carolina

First Interactive Symposium on Latest Advances in Cardiac Surgery
Salerno, Italy

Maimonides Medical Center's Conference on New Approaches to Heart Disease: Interventional Surgery
Brooklyn, New York

Pioneering Techniques in Cardiac Surgery Symposium
Leipzig, Germany

State of the Heart--A Comprehensive Cardiovascular Symposium
West Chester, Pennsylvania

Fourth Triennial Brigham Cardiac Valve Symposium
Boston, Massachusetts

Continuing Medical Education Breakfast Symposium
Chicago, Illinois

2003
NewEra Cardiac Care: Innovation & Technology Meeting
Dana Point, California

Second Annual Tech-Con Conference
San Diego, California

39th Annual Society of thoracic Surgeons Meeting
San Diego, California

Continuing Medical Education Breakfast Symposium
San Diego, California

52nd Annual American College of Cardiology Meeting
Chicago, Illinois

123rd Annual American Surgical Association
Washington, DC

83rd Annual American Association for Thoracic Surgery
Boston, Massachusetts

Innovations in Cardiac Surgery 2003 Symposium
Boston, Massachusetts

Continuing Medical Education Symposium
Boston, Massachusetts

30th Annual Day of Surgery
Medical Center of Central Georgia
Macon, Georgia

Medical Math Conference-East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina

Sixth Annual International Society of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
San Francisco, California

Update on Cardiovascular Diseases
Naples, Italy

Second Biennial Society for Heart Valve Disease
Paris, France

Visiting Professorships:
1984
Earle Glendy Memorial Lecture
"Long Term Survival Following Coronary Artery Surgery"
Roanoke Memorial Hospital, University of Virginia Affiliate
Roanoke, Virginia

Pediatrics Day
"Surgical Correction of Supravalvular Aortic Stenosis"
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

1985
Pearls Lecture
"Masterword in Medicine"
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

1986
Pearls Lecture
"Cardiac Injuries"
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

1987
Pearls Lecture
"The True Physician"
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

1988
Alpha Omega Alpha Symposium
"Arrhythmia and New Valve Techniques"
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky

Annual Postgraduate Course
"Cardiac Transplantation"
Roanoke Memorial Hospital
Roanoke, Virginia

1989

Surgical Grand Rounds
"Valve Repair Techniques"
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio

1991
Horace A. Smithy Lecture
"The Evolution of Scientific Surgery: The Shadow of John
Hunter"
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

1992
Surgical Grand Rounds
"Myocardial Preservation: Clinical Decision Making"
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan

1993
"Surgical Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease"
Matsuyama Cardiovascular Medical Center
Matsuyama, Japan

1994
"Mitral Valve Repair"
Philadelphia Heart Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Surgical Grand Rounds
"Mitral Valve Repair: A Modern Challenge"
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

1995
Alpha Epsilon Delta Premedical Honor Society
"The Good Physician"
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

Hampden-Sydney Medical Society
"How to Become a Physician"
Hampden-Sydney College
Hampden-Sydney, Virginia

1996
Grand Rounds
"Mitral Valve Repair: The Physiologic Option"
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York

1997
Symposium to Honor Will C. Sealy
"Evolution of Scientific Surgery"
Medical Center of Central Georgia
Macon, Georgia

Grand Rounds
"Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery"
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Cardiothoracic Grand Rounds
"Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: A Work in Progress"
"Evolution of Scientific Surgery"
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

The Baxter G. Noble Memorial Lecture
"The Rise of Scientific Surgery"
East Carolina University School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina

1998
Cardiology Grand Rounds
"Video-assisted Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery: A
Vision of the Future"
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

Surgical Grand Rounds
"Evolution of Scientific Surgery: The Shadow of John
Hunter"
University of Massachusetts Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Lamar Soutter Lecture on Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery
"Videoscopic Mitral Valve Surgery"
University of Massachusetts Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts

Surgical Grand Rounds
"Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: A Work in Progress"
Penn State Geisinger Health System/Milton S. Hershey
Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

Richard Cleveland Lecture
"Minimally Invasive Surgical Technologies"
New England Medical Center/Tufts University School of
Medicine/Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Cardiothoracic Grand Rounds
"The New Era of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery"
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center/Harvard Medical
School
Boston, Massachusetts

1999
Cardiac Surgery Grand Rounds
"Trekking Toward an Endoscopic Mitral Valve Operation"
Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

Grand Rounds
"Minimally Invasive Video-assisted Mitral Valve Surgery: Trek to an Endoscopic Operation"
Columbia University
New York, New York

Surgical Grand Rounds
"Cardiac Robotics: Is It a Reality?"
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

2000
Clarence E. Gardner Lecture
"The Evolution of Scientific Surgery - John Hunter's Shadow"
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Grand Rounds
"Surgical Robotics"
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

Grand Rounds
"Videoscopic and Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery at the Dawn of the New Millennium"
University of Toronoto Medical Center
Toronto, Canada

2001
National Heart Hospital Surgical Lecture
"Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery"
Brompton Hospital
Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine
London, England

V.I. Bourakovsky Lecture & Bouakovsky Medal #5
"Robotic Cardiac Surgery: The 21st Century"
A. N. Bakulev Cardiovascular Surgery Scientific
Centre of the Russian Academy of Medical Science
Moscow, Russia

Claude S. Beck Lecture
"Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery: In the Shadow of Beck and Cutler"
University Hospitals of Cleveland
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Cleveland, Ohio

Streider Lecture
Robotic Cardiac Surgery: The Future or Not
Boston University Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

Surgical Grand Rounds
"Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery"
King Fasial Specialist Hospital
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Grand Rounds
"Robotic Cardiac Surgeon: The Future or Not?"
San Antonio Cardiovascular Society
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio, Texas

Lillehei Lecture
"Robotic Surgery"
Advanced Cardiac Physiology and Anatomy Symposium
Lillehei Heart Institute
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Grand Rounds
"Less Invasive Approaches to the Mitral Valve"
University of Minnesota Medical School
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Grand Rounds
"Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: The Past, Present, and Future"
University of Louisville Health Science Center
Louisville, Kentucky

Visiting Professor Lecture
"Robotics in Cardiac Surgery: Today and the Future"
Dayton Heart Hospital
Dayton, Ohio

2002
Joel Roslyn, M.D. Lectureship
"Robotic Surgery: State of the Art"
MCP Hahnemann University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

D. Hayes Agnew Lecture
"Robotic Cardiac Surgery: Perhaps the Future"
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

CT Surgery Grand Rounds
"Robotic Cardiac Surgery"
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic GI and Cardiac Surgery for Physicians and Nurses Conference
"Robot Assisted Mitral Valve Surgery"
Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey

CTS Grand Rounds
"Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery"
Long Island Jewish Medical Center
New Hyde Park, New York

Baffes Lecture
"Robotic Cardiac Surgery--Now nad the Future"
Children's Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

C. Walton Lillehei Lecture
"Robotic Surgery"
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Grand Rounds
"Less Invasive Approaches to the Mitral Valve"
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Symposium for the Cardiothoracic Surgery Residents
Off-pump Training Program
"Robotics in Cardiac Surgery"
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

Grand Rounds
"Robotic Cardiac Surgery"
University of Florida at Gainesville
Gainesville, Florida

Resident Research Day
"Robotic Cardiac Surgery: Fact or Fantasy"
Wake Forest University School of Medicine"
Winston Salem, North Carolina

2003
Grand Rounds
"Robotics and Mitral Valve Repair"
University of Texas-Houston Medical School
Houston, Texas

Grand rounds
"Robotic Cardiac Surgery: Part of the Future"
Upstate Medial University College of Medicine
Syracuse, New York

T. Cook Smith Lecturer
"The Evolution fo Scientific Surgery: John Hunter Casts His Shadow"
The Innominate Society of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky

Resident's Research Day
"Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery: Gone With the Wind or Here to Stay"
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

International Academic Visits:
1976
Hospital for Sick Children
Host: Professor Waterston
London, England

Hammersmith Hospital
Host: Professor Richard Welborne
London, England

The Middlesex Hospital
Host: Professor Hobsley
London, England

The Cambridge University Cardiac Transplant Laboratory
Hosts: Professors Calne and English
Cambridge, England

Radcliffe Infirmary at Oxford University
Host: Professor Peter Morris
Oxford, England

Royal College of Surgeons of England
Host: Ms. Elizabeth Allen, Curator of the Hunterian
Museum
London, England

Royal Infirmary at the University of Edinburgh
Hosts: Professors Patrick Forrest and Michael Woodruff
Edinburgh, Scotland

Western Infirmary at the University of Glasgow
Hosts: Professors Andrew Kay and Colin McKay
Glasgow, Scotland

1979
Fifth Workshop on Contractile Behavior of the Heart:
Diastole II
Host: Professor Brutsnaert
Antwerp, Belgium

Max Planck Institute for Physiology
Hosts: Professors Wolfgang and Jutta Schaper
Bad Nauheim, West Germany

Rayne Research Institute at St. Thomas' Hospital
Hosts: Professors Braimbridge and Hearse
London, England

Royal College of Surgeons of England
Host: Ms. Elizabeth Allen, Curator of the Hunterian Museum
London, England

Royal College of Physicians of England
Host: Sir Gordon Wolstenholme
London, England

1987
Mitral Valve Repair Workshop at Broussais Hospital
Host: Professor Alain Carpentier
Paris, France

1990
International Symposium on Myocardial Preservation into the Twenty-first Century
Oxford, England

Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Edinburgh, Scotland

1991
International Live Teleconference on Homograft and Autograft Implantation
Hosts: Sir Magdi Yacoub and Mr. Donald Ross
London, England

1992
Advanced Techniques in Mitral Valve Reconstruction at Broussais Hospital
Host: Professor Alain Carpentier
Paris, France

1993
Tokyo Women's Medical College
Host: Professor Juro Wada
Tokyo, Japan

Matsuyama Medical Center
Host: Dr. Yasushi Kasagi.
Tokyo, Japan

1997
Meeting on Recent Advances in Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: Mitral Valve Replacement at Medizinische
Hochschule/University of Hannover
Hosts: Professors Axel Haverich and Jochen Cremer
Hannover, Germany

Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery Meeting at the University of Vienna School of Medicine
Hosts: Professors Werner Mohl and Ernest Wolner
Vienna, Austria

1998
Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery Meeting at Ospedale San Rafaele
Host: Professor Ottiavio Alfieri
Milan, Italy

Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery Teleconference at Hospital San Leonardo
Hosts: Professors G. Di Benedetto, Alain Carpentier, and Fred Mohr
Salerno, Italy

Latest Techniques in Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery and Minimally Invasive Video-assisted Mitral Valve Surgery
Video Conference
Host: Dr. Hugo Vanermen
Brussels, Belgium

Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery Meeting at Osaka University
Host: Professor Hikaru Matsuda
Osaka, Japan

Video-assisted Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery
Meeting at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery at Sakakibara Heart Institute
Host: Professor Hitoshi Kasegawa
Tokyo, Japan

Second International Symposium on Controversies in Cardiothoracic Surgery at the Chinese University of Hong
Kong
Host: Dr. Anthony Yim
Hong Kong, China

International Symposium on the Present State of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: Meet the Experts at the University of Dresden
Host: Professor Stephan Schueler
Dresden, Germany

1999
Le Club Mitrale 2000
Host: Professor Alain Carpentier
Paris, France

International Society for Minimally Invasive Surgery's Second Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions
Host: Professor Alain Carpentier
Paris, France

World Symposium on Heart Valve Disease
Host: Dr. Endre Bodnar
London, England

XVII InterAmerican Congress of Cardiology
Host: Dr. Jorge Lerman
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Meeting on Technology in Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery: Overview of an Updated Repertoire
Host: Drs. Hugo Vanermen and Michael Mack
Glasgow, Scotland

2000
The European Society for Cardiovascular Surgery's Forty-ninth International Congress
Host: Professor Stephan Schueler
Dresden, Germany

Congress International "Chirurgie 2000"
Host: Professor Alain Carpentier
Paris, France

Pioneering techniques in Cardiothoracic Surgery Techniques Symposium
Host: Professor Fred Mohr
Leipzig, Germany

St Jude Medical Institute's 2nd Annual Mitral Reconstructive Surgery Symposium
Host: Professor Ottiavio Alfieri
Milan, Italy

Cardiac & General Thoracic Surgery Update
Host: Dr. Anthony J. Del Rossi
Cancun, Mexico

2001
King Faisal Specialist Hospital
Host: Dr. Zohair Al-Halles
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Bakulev Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases
Host: Professor Leo Bokeria
Burokovosky Lecture: "Robotic Cardiac Surgery"
Moscow, Russia

Southern Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery at Kinki University Medical School
Host: Hidetaka Oku
Osaka, Japan

2002 31st Annual Meeting of the German Society of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Host: Professor Fred Mohr
Leipzig, Germany

Tawain Society of Cardiology
Host: Dr. Chiang
Taipei, Tawain

First Interactive Symposium on Latest Advances in Cardiac Surgery
Hosts: Drs. Antonia Panza and Paolo Masiello
Salerno, Italy

Pioneering techniques in Cardiac Surgery Symposium
Host: Professor Fred Mohr
Leipzig, Germany

2003
The Fifth Mitral vbalve Reconstruction Meeting
Host: Professor Francis Wells
Cambridge, England

Update on Cardiovascular Diseases: The Latest News for the Clinician
Host: Professor G. D. Angelini
Naples, Italy

Royal College of Surgeons of England
Hosts: Sir Peter Morris; Sir Magdi Yacoub
London, England

Honors and Noteworthy Activities:
1994
M.D. News
"The Heart Center"

1994 - 1995
The Best Doctors in America
Adult Cardiothoracic Surgery

1995
Town and Country Magazine
The Best Medical Specialists in North America - Diseases of the Heart

Craven County Board of Trustees and Community
Honored for the Development of the Open Heart Program at
Craven Regional Medical Center

1997
Hampden-Sydney College
Fellow of Hampden-Sydney College in the Natural Sciences

Southern Living Magazine
"Operating with a Big Heart"

2000
News and Observer (Raleigh, NC)
"Robot streamlines heart surgery"

Doctoral Thesis:
1973
"An Autoradiographic Study of Retinal Degeneration and Regeneration in Supernumerary and Heteroplastic Optic Transplants"
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

Avocations:
History of Surgery and Physiology
Photography
Amateur Radio Operator (40 years)
Trout Fishing


BIBLIOGRAPHY:

ORIGINAL REPORTS:

Original Research:

1. Vasquez E, Chitwood WR Jr. Postcardiotomy delirium: an overview. Int J Psychiatry Med. 1975;6:373-383.

2. Chitwood WR Jr, Barnes RL, Postlethwait RW. The retrosternal foramen of Morgagni: massive small bowel herniation. NC Med J. 1976;37:658-662.

3. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Wechsler AS. Pressure-flow characteristics of the coronary collateral circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass: effects of hypothermic perfusion. Surg Forum. 1977;28:268-270.

4. Chitwood WR Jr, Kleinman LH, Wechsler AS. Compressive forces of fibrillation in normal hearts during maximal coronary dilation by adenosine. Surg Forum. 1977;28:257-259.

5. Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Chitwood WR Jr, Wechsler AS. Segmental mid-wall myocardial dimensions in man recorded by sonomicrometry. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1978;76:235-243.

6. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Wechsler AS. Effects of intermittent potassium cardioplegia (4C) on reperfusion of myocardial regions supplied by collateral coronary arteries. Surg Forum. 1978;29:269-271.

7. Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Chitwood WR Jr. Real-time assessment of regional mid-wall myocardial motion in man. Surg Forum. 1978;29:256-258.

8. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Wechsler AS. Maintenance of permanently implanted cardiac pressure catheters in experimental animals. Ann Thorac Surg. 1978;26:485-487.

9. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Wechsler AS. The effects of intermittent ischemic arrest on the perfusion of myocardium supplied by collateral coronary arteries. Ann Thorac Surg. 1978;26:535-547.

10. Kleinman LH, Hill RC, Chitwood WR Jr, Hammon JW Jr, Jones KW, Wechsler AS. Regional myocardial dimensions following coronary artery bypass grafting in patients. Relationship of functional deterioration to graft occlusion. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1979;77:13-23.

11. Chitwood WR Jr, Sink JD, Hill RC, Wechsler AS, Sabiston DC Jr. The effects of hypothermia on myocardial oxygen consumption and transmural coronary blood flow in the potassium-arrested heart. Ann Surg. 1979;190:106-116.

12. Sink JD, Hill RC, Chitwood WR Jr, Abriss R, Wechsler AS. Effects of phenylephrine on transmural distribution of myocardial blood flow in regions supplied by normal and collateral arteries during cardiopulmonary bypass. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1979;78:236-243.

13. Olsen CO, Jones RN, Attarian DE, Hill RC, Sink JD, Chitwood WR Jr, Wechsler AS. Relationship of LV compliance to coronary artery perfusion pressure in potassium-arrested canine heart during cardiopulmonary bypass. Surg Forum. 1979;30:246-247.

14. Sink JD, Pellom GL, Currie WD, Chitwood WR Jr, Wechsler AS. Protection of mitochondrial function during ischemia by potassium cardioplegia: correlation with ischemic contracture. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1979;60(pt 2):158-163.

15. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Sabiston DC Jr, Wechsler AS. Assessment of ventricular diastolic properties and systolic function in man with sonomicrometry. Surg Forum. 1979;30:266-268.

16. Sink JD, Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Wechsler AS. Comparison of nonpulsatile and pulsatile extracorporeal circulation on renal cortical blood flow. Ann Thorac Surg. 1980;29:57-62.

17. Sink JD, Currie WD, Pellom GL, Hill RC, Chitwood WR Jr, Wechsler AS. Correlation of mitochondrial function and ischemic contracture. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1980;79:570-578.

18. Hill RC, Pellom GL, Chitwood WR Jr, Sink JD, Wechsler AS. The relationship of transmural myocardial flow to mid-wall function. J Surg Res. 1980;28:306-313.

19. Hill RC, Chitwood WR Jr, Sink JD, Cox JL, Wechsler AS. Perioperative assessment of segmental left ventricular function in man. Effects of nitroprusside after bypass operations. Arch Surg. 1980;115:609-614.

20. Sink JD, Attarian DE, Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Pellom GL, Wechsler AS. An improved technique for producing ventricular hypertrophy with a subcoronary valvular aortic stenosis model. Ann Thorac Surg. 1980;30:285-290.

21. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Sabiston DC Jr, Wechsler AS. Measurement of global ventricular function in patients during cardiac operations using sonomicrometry. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1980;80:724-735.

22. Chitwood WR Jr, Rankin JS, Bollinger RR, Moylan JA. Brachial artery reconstruction using the heparin-bonded Sundt shunt. Surgery. 1981;89:355-358.

23. Austin EH, Mitchell GE, Oliphant M, Killenberg P, Oddson T, Thompson WM, Chitwood WR Jr, Jones RS. Solitary hepatic cyst and benign bile duct polyp: a heretofore unheralded association. Surgery. 1981;89:359-363.

24. Hill RC, Chitwood WR Jr, Bashore TM, Sink JD, Cox JL, Wechsler AS. Coronary flow and regional function before and after supraarterial myotomy for myocardial bridging. Ann Thorac Surg. 1981;31:176-181.

25. Attarian DE, Jones RN, Currie WD, Hill RC, Sink JD, Olsen CO, Chitwood WR Jr, Wechsler AS. Characteristics of chronic left ventricular hypertrophy induced by subcoronary valvular aortic stenosis. I. Myocardial blood flow and metabolism. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1981;81:382-388.

26. Attarian DE, Jones RN, Currie WD, Hill RC, Sink JD, Olsen CO, Chitwood WR Jr, Wechsler AS. Characteristics of chronic left ventricular hypertrophy induced by subcoronary valvular aortic stenosis. II. Respose to ischemia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1981;81:389-395.

27. Chitwood WR Jr, Sink JD, Hill RC, Wecshler AS. The comparative effects of pulsatile and nonpulsatile myocardial perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass. J Surg Res. 1981;30:553-562.

28. Chitwood WR Jr, Meyers WC, Heaston DK, Herskovic AM, McLeod ME, Jones RS. Diagnosis and treatment of primary extrahepatic bile duct tumors. Am J Surg. 1982;143:99-106.

29. Filston HC, Chitwood WR Jr, Schkolne B, Blackman LR. The Fogarty balloon catheter as an aid to management of the infant with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula complicated by severe RDS or pneumonia. J Pediatr Surg. 1982;17:149-51.

30. Filston HC, Edwards CH III, Chitwood WR Jr, Larson RM, Marsicano TH, Hill RC. Estimation of postoperative fluid requirements in infants and children. Ann Surg. 1982;196:76-81.

31. Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Tiller WH Jr, Chitwood WR Jr, Rembert JC, Greenfield JC Jr, Wechsler As. Myocardial blood flow and function during gradual coronary occlusion in awake dog. Am J Physiol. 1983;224:H60-H67.

32. Jones RS, Chitwood WR Jr, Heaston DK, Herskovic AM. The combined use of percutaneous transhepatic drainage and irrigation for carcinoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts. Contemp Surg. 1983;22:59-63.

33. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Wechsler AS. Diastolic ventricular properties in patients during coronary revascularization. Intermittent ischemic arrest versus cardioplegia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1983;85:595-605.

34. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Wechsler AS. Transmural myocardial flow distribution during hypothermia. Effects of coronary inflow restriction. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1983;86:61-69.


35. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Wechsler AS. Reperfusion of inflow-limited myocardium following hypothermic potassium-induced cardioplegia. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1984;88:49-56.

36. Chitwood WR Jr, Sabiston DC Jr, Wechsler AS. Surgical treatment of chronic unresolved pulmonary embolism. Clin Chest Med. 1984;5:507-536.

37. Chitwood WR Jr, Lyerly HK, Sabiston DC Jr. Surgical management of chronic pulmonary embolism. Ann Surg. 1985;201:11-26.

38. Woodruff WW III, Hoeck BE, Chitwood WR Jr, Lyerly HK, Sabiston DC Jr, Chen JT. Radiographic findings in pulmonary hypertension from unresolved chronic pulmonary embolism. Am J Roentgenol. 1985;144:681-686.

39. Lust RM, Beggerly CE, Morrison RF, Austin EH, Chitwood WR Jr. Improved protection of chronically inflow-limited myocardium with retrograde coronary sinus cardioplegia. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1988;78(pt 2):III217-III223.

40. Ramagopal MV, Chitwood WR Jr, Mustafa SJ. Evidence for an A2 adenosine receptor in human coronary arteries. Eur J Pharmacol. 1988;151:483-486.

41. Reeves WC, Chitwood WR Jr. Transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography and color flow doppler assessment of a left atrial myxoma. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 1989;6:547-549.

42. Chien S, Diana JN, Oeltgen PR, Todd EP, O'Connor WN, Chitwood WR Jr. Eighteen to 37 hours' preservation of major organs using a new autoperfusion multiorgan preparation. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989;47:860-867.

43. Reeves WC, Movahed A, Chitwood WR Jr, Williams M, Jolly SR. Utility of precordial, epicardial, and transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiography in the detection of intracardiac foreign bodies. Am J Cardiol. 1989;64:406-409.

44. Skipper ER, Kasagi Y, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr, Austin EH, Lust RM. Improved preservation of early perfusion patterns in severe left ventricular hypertrophy using retrograde coronary sinus cardioplegia. Curr Surg. 1989;46:461-463.

45. Chitwood WR Jr, Bost WS Jr, Pories WJ, Gowen MA, Saldahna RL. Laryngotracheoesophageal cleft: endoscopic diagnosis and surgical repair. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989;48:292-294.

46. Spence PA, Lust RM, Iida H, Sun YS, Austin EH III, Chitwood WR Jr. Reappraisal of the mechanism for cerebrospinal fluid hypertension during aortic surgery. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1990;82(suppl 5):IV51-IV57.

47. Spence PA, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr, Iida H, Sun YS, Austin EH III. Transfemoral balloon aortic occlusion during open Ccrdiopulmonary resuscitation improves myocardial and cerebral blood flow. J Surg Res. 1990;49:217-221.

48. Spence PA, Lust RM, Sun YS, Deng Q, Williams JM, Chitwood WR Jr. Prevention of reflex-mediated increases in cerebrospinal fluid pressure during aortic surgery. Surg Forum. 1990;41:297-299.

49. Lust RM, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Prolonged, lateralized, sternal devascularization with internal mammary artery mobilization and increased experimental infection reate following bilateral use. Surg Forum. 1990;41:313-315.

50. Lust RM, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Internal mammary artery use. Sternal revascularization and experimental infection patterns. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1991;84(Suppl 5):III285-II289.

51. Datillo JB, Lust RM, Deng Q, Sun YS, Moore CA, Chitwood WR Jr. Autonomic vascular reactivity of intrathoracic autologous arterial veing grafts: comparison with peripheral grafts. Surg Forum. 1991;42:203-205.

52. Lust RM, Li C, Chitwood WR Jr. Endothelium-dependent coronary vasoreactivity is attenuated in severe left ventricular hypertrophy. Surg Forum. 1991;42:205-207.

53. Chitwood WR Jr. Retrograde cardioplegia: current methods. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992;53:352-355.

54. Cohn LH, Chitwood WR Jr, Jones RH, Craver JM, Kaiser GA, Parsonnet V. Interventional catheterization procedures and cardiothoracic surgical consultation. Cardiovascular Surgery Committee. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992;19:1363.

55. Spence PA, Lust RM, Zeri RS, Jolly SR, Mehta PM, Otaki M, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Competitive flow from a fully patent coronary artery disease does not limit acute mammary graft flow. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992;54:21-26.

56. Chitwood WR Jr, Cosgrove DM III, Lust RM. Multicenter trial of automated nitroprusside infusion for postoperative hypertension. Titrator Multicenter Study Group. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992;54:517-522.

57. Zeri RS, Lust RM, Sun YS, Otaki M, Hopson SB, Chitwood WR Jr. Limitations of sequential vein grafts compared to single grafts. Surg Forum. 1992;43:269-272.

58. Sun YS, Lust RM, Norton TO, Pabst SJ, Otaki M, Zeri RS, Hopson SB, Chitwood WR Jr. Systemic glucose intolerance induced by extracorporeal circulation during cardiopulmonary bypass. Surg Forum. 1993;44:260-263.

59. Hopson SB, Lust RM, Datillo JB, Zeri RS, Sun YS, Otaki M, Binn JE, Chitwood WR Jr. The effects of intermittent flow patterns on vascular reactivity and hyperplasia in aortocoronary bypass grafts. Surg Forum. 1993;44:283-285.

60. Lust RM, Zeri RS, Spence PA, Hopson SB, Sun YS, Otaki M, Jolly SR, Mehta PM, Chitwood WR Jr. Effect of chronic native flow competition on internal thoracic artery grafts. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994;57:45-50.

61. Williams JM, Rock DT, Pabst SJ Grill CR, DeAntonio HJ, Mahmud R, Chitwood WR Jr. Clinical experience with the implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994,58:1297-1303.

62. Chitwood WR Jr, Chiang KS, Williams MW, Zeri RS, Semer DA. Embolectomy of a bird's nest vena caval filter. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994,58:1766-1768.

63. Otaki M, Lust RM, Sun YS, Norton TO, Spence PA, Zeri RS, Hopson SB, Chitwood WR Jr. Bilateral vs. single internal thoracic artery grafting for left main coronary artery. Chest. 1994;106:1260-1263.

64. Otaki M, Lust RM, Sun YS, Norton TO, Chitwood WR Jr. Distal flow determinants in canine myocardium perfused through internal thoracic artery grafts. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995;59:829-834.

65. Otaki M, Lust RM, Sun YS, Norton TO, Rock DT, Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr. Experimental supplemental vein grafting and hypoperfusion syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995;59:1423-1428.

66. Otaki M, Lust RM, Sun YS, Norton TO, Rock DT, Call KD, Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac pacing induced flow responses in internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein bypass grafts. ASAIO J. 1995;41:198-201.

67. Hopson SB, Lust RM, Sun YS, Zeri RS, Morrison RF, Otaki M, Chitwood WR Jr. Allopurinol improves myocardial reperfusion injury in a xanthine oxidase-free model. J Natl Med Assoc. 1995;87:480-484.

68. Driver AG, Kukoly CA, Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr, Mustafa SJ. Pericardial fluid adenosine in ischemic and valvular heart disease. Chest. 1995;107:346-351.

69. Chitwood WR Jr, Wixon CL, Norton TO, Lust RM. Complex valve operations: antegrade vs. retrograde cardioplegia? Ann Thorac Surg. 1995;60:815-818.

70. Wixon CL, Burnett CM, Lust RM, Sun YS, Mann C, Chitwood WR Jr. Continuous hypothermic retrograde cerebral perfusion improves cerebral postischemic reperfusion following circulatory arrest during aortic arch surgery. Surg Forum. 1995;46:277-280.

71. Otaki M, Lust RM, Norton TO, Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr. Extracardiac adjustment of mitral chordae replacement. J Surg Res. 1996;64:102-106.

72. Lust RM, Bode AP, Yang L, Hodges W, Chitwood WR Jr. In-line leukocyte filtration during bypass. Clinical results from a randomized prospective trial. ASAIO J. 1996;42:M819-M822.

73. Azari KK, Lust RM, Dennis K, Reed J, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Carnitine-supplemented hypothermic cardioplegia enhances recovery of excitation-contraction coupling following global ischemia/reperfusion. Surg Forum. 1996;47:211-214.

74. Sun YS, Lust RM, Dohm LG, Wixon CL, Dennis K, Chitwood WR Jr. Impaired glucose clearance/insulin resistance induced by cardiopulmonary bypass may be caused by glucose transport protein (GLUT-4) loss. Surg Forum. 1996;47:256-258.

75. Meadows WM Jr, Lust RM, Parker FM, Mann C, Rock DT, Curtsinger L, Wooden WA, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Time course of macro- and microvascular adjustments in abdominal wall and recipient bed perfusion patterns after vascular delay. Surg Forum. 1996;47:741-743.

76. Dattilo JB, Lust RM, Dattilo MP, Parker FM, Meadows WM Jr, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr, Makhoul RG. The temporal expression of transforming growth factor-beta 1 in early aortocoronary vein grafts. J Surg Res. 1997;69:349-353.

77. Chitwood WR Jr, Elbeery JR, Chapman WH, Moran JM, Lust RM, Wooden WA, Deaton DH. Video-assisted minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: the "micro-mitral" operation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997;113:413-414.

78. Chitwood WR Jr, Elbeery JR, Moran, JF, and the Minimally Invasive Surgery Workgroup. Minimally invasive mitral valve repair using transthoracic aortic occlusion. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997;63:1477-1479.

79. Elbeery JR, Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Heart surgery for the 21st century. NC Med J. 1997;58:374-377.

80. Eskew TD, Ollerenshaw JD, Philpott JM, Dennis K, Dawson P, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr, Lust RM. Successful small diameter arterial grafting using cryopreserved allograft arteries. ASAIO J. 1997;43:M522-M526.

81. Bradfield JF, Bode AP, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Aprotinin directly attenuates the platelet adhesion defect induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. Surg Forum. 1997;48:256-259.

82. Chitwood WR Jr, Wixon CL, Elbeery JR, Moran, JF, Chapman WH, Lust RM.. Video-assisted minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1997;114:773-780.

83. Elbeery JR, Chitwood WR Jr. Intraoperative catheterization of the left internal mammary artery via the left radial artery. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997;64:1840-1842.

84. Philpott JM, Eskew TD, Sun YS, Dennis KJ, Foreman BH, Fairbrother SN, Brown PM Jr, Koutlas TC, Chitwood WR Jr, Lust RM. A paradox of cerebral hyperperfusion in the face of cerebral hypotension: the effect of perfusion pressure on cerebral blood flow and metabolism during normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. J Surg Res. 1998;77:141-149.

85. Chitwood WR Jr. Mitral valve repair: an odyssey to save the valves! J Heart Valve Dis. 1998;7:255-261.

86. Elbeery JR, Brown PM, Chitwood WR Jr. Intraoperative MIDCABG arteriography via the left radial artery: a comparison with Doppler ultrasound for assessment of graft patency. Ann Thorac Surg. 1998;66:51-55.

87. Wixon CL, Philpott JM, Chitwood WR Jr. Mitral valve repair. Save the valve! NC Med J. 1998;59:314-317.

88. Kim VB, Brown PM Jr, Philpott JM, Sun YS, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Protecting the brain during cardiopulmonary bypass: the continuing merits of hypothermia. Surg Forum. 1998;49:250-252.

89. Atkinson CK, Miraliakbari R, Ng PC, Swanson MS, Sun YS, Powell CS, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Effect of conventional graft repair on aortic wall motion. Surg Forum. 1999;50:424-425.

90. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: introduction. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999;11:192-193.

91. Chitwood WR Jr. Video-assisted and robotic mitral valve surgery: toward an endoscopic surgery. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999;11:194-205.

92. Falk V, Autschbach R, Krakor R, Walther T, Diegeler A, Onnasch JF, Chitwood WR Jr, Mohr FW. Computer-enhanced mitral valve surgery: toward a total endoscopic procedure. Semin Throac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999;11:244-249.

93. Steffee CH, Singh HK, Chitwood WR Jr. Histologic changes in three explanted native cardiac valves following use of fenfluramines. Am J Cardiovasc Pathol. 1999;8:245-253.

94. Brown PM Jr, Kim VB, Boyer BJ, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr, Elbeery JR. Regional left ventricular systolic function in humans during off-pump coronary bypass surgery. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1999;100(suppl):II-125-II-127.

95. Chitwood WR Jr, Wixon CL, Elbeery JR, Francalancia NA, Lust RM. Minimally invasive cardiac operation: adapting cardioprotective strategies. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999;68:1974-1977.

96. Koutlas TC, Elbeery JR, Williams JM, Moran JF, Francalancia NA, Chitwood WR Jr. Myocardial revascularization in the elderly using beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000;69:1042-1047.

97. Ng PC, Chua AN, Swanson MS, Koutlas TC, Chitwood WR Jr, Elbeery JR. Anterior thoracotomy wound complications in minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000;69:1338-1340.

98. Miraliakbari R, Francalancia NA, Lust RA, Gerardo JA, Ng PC, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr.
Differences in myocardial and peripheral VEGF and KDR levels after acute ischemia. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000;69:1750-1754.

99. Shackelford DP, Daniels S, Hoffman MK, Chitwood WR Jr. Estrogen therapy in women undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: effect on surgical complications. Obstet Gynecol. 2000;95:732-735.

100. Chitwood WR Jr. Video-assisted mitral valve surgery: using the Chitwood clamp.
Operative Techniques in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2000;5:190-202.

101. Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong LW, Elbeery JE, Chapman WH, Albrecht R, Kim V, Young JA.
Robotic mitral valve repair: trapezoidal resection and prosthetic annuloplasty with the Da
Vinci surgical system. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2000;120:1171-1172.

102. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive or conventional valve surgery: operations prevaling in 2020--the middle ground. J Card Surg. 2000;15:1-2.

103. Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong WF. Minimally invasive videoscopic mitral valve surgery: the
current role of surgical robotics. J Card Surg. 2000;15:61-75.

104. Kim VB, Nifong LW, Young JA, Albrecht RJ, Chitwood WR Jr. Computer enhanced cardiac surgery: an early model. Surg Forum. 2000;51:78-79.

105. Albrecht RJ, Kim VB, Young JA, Lust RM, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Effects of loss of aortic windkessel on left ventricular dynamics after descending thoracic aorta graft placement. Surg Forum. 2000;51;160-161.

106. Chapman WHH III, Young JA, Albrecht RJ, Kim VB, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic Nissen fundoplication: alternative surgical technique for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech. 2001;11(pt. A):27-30.

107. Felger JE, Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong LW, Holbert D. Evolution of mitral valve surgery: toward a totally endoscopic approach. Ann Thoraci Surg. 2001;72:1203-1209.

108. Kim VB, Brown PM, Brown PM Jr, Sun YS, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. A carotid stenosis model in canines. J Invest Surg. 2001;14:241-247.

109. Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong LW, Chapman WHH, bailey BM, bailnt T, Felger JE, Kim VB, Young JA, Albrecht RA. Robotic surgical training in an academic institution. Ann Surg. 2001;234:475-484; discussion 484-486.

110. Nifong LW, Bailey BM, balint TD, Mendelson KG, Robinson P, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic mitral valve replacement using sature welding: an animal model. Surg Forum. 2001;52:101-102.

111. Young JA, Elbeery Jr, Dixon V, Wennerberg AK, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Use of filtered red blood cell tranfusions decreases patient costs. Surg Forum. 2001;52:453-454.

112. Mendelson KG, Bailey BM, Balint TD, Sun YS, Nifong LW, Wooden WA, Lalikos JF, Chitwood WR Jr. Hemodynamics effects of vacuum-assisted closure in open sternal wounds. Surg Forum. 2001;52:531-533.

113. Felger JE, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. The evolution and early experience with robot-assisted mitral valve surgery. Curr Surg. 2001;58:570-575.

114. Pofahl WE, Swanson MS, Cox SS, DaRe DM, Haisch CE, Pories WJ, Chitwood WR Jr. Performance standards improve American Board of Surgery In-training Examination(ABSITE) scores. Curr Surg. 2002;59:220-222.

115. Kim VB, Chapman WH, Albrecht RJ, bailey BM, Young JA, NifongLW, Chitwood WR Jr. Early experience with telemanipulative robot-assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy using Da Vinci. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2002;12:33-40.

116. Young JA, Chapman WH III, Kim VB, Albrecht RJ, Ng PC, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Rbotic-assisted adrenalectomy for adrenal incidentaloma: case and review of the technique. Surg Laparosc Endsc Percutan Tech. 2002;12:126-130.

117. Zimmerman-Klima PM, Philpott JM, Elbeery JR, Lalikos JF, Chitwood WR Jr.
Combined minimally invasive mitral valve repair and direct coronary artery bypass (*): a new alternative to sternotomoy. Chest. 2002;122:344-347

118. Argenziano M, Oz MC, DeRose JJ Jr, Ashton RC Jr, Beck J, Wang F, Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong LW,
Dimitui J, Rose EA, Smith CR Jr. Totally endoscopic atrial septal defect repair with robotic assistance. Heart
Surg Forum
2002;5:294-300.

119. Maziarz DM, Chu VF, Conquest AM, Garofalo JH, Sun YS, Nifong LW, Chitwood
WR Jr
. Use of Nitinol U-clips decreses time for annuloplasty band placement in
robotic mitral valve repair. J Am Coll Surg. 2002;195:S22.

120. Kumar SP, Knupp CL, Chitwood WR Jr, Sorrell VL. Severe hemolysis after mitral valve
repair: reoperation avoided. Cardiovascular Reviews & Reports. 2002;23:552-554.

121. Sorrell VL, Rajeev AG, Nifong LW, Chu FV, Chitwood WR Jr. Intraoperative
transesophageal echocardiography with a special focus on a patient undergoing advanced
robotic-assisted procedures. Echocardiography. 2002;19:583-587.

122. Chapman WH III, Albrecht RJ, Kim VB, Young JA, Chitwood WR Jr. Computer assisted
laparoscopic splenectomy with the da Vinci surgical robot. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg
Tech
. 2002;12:155-159.

123. Nifong LW, Chu VF, Bailey BM, Maziarz DM, Sorrell VL, Holbert D, Chitwood WR Jr.
Robotic mitral valve repair: experience with the da Vinci system. Ann Thorac Surg.
2003;75:438-443.

124. Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Challenges for the anesthesiologist: robotics? Anesth
Analg
. 2003;96:1-2

125. Estrada CA, Young JA, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Outcomes and perioperative
hyperglycemia in patients with or without diabetes mellitus undergoing coronary artery
bypass grafting. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003;75:1392-1399.

126. Young JA, Chitwood WR Jr. Videoscopic robot assisted intraventricular repair of a
coronary artery fistula. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003. (In press)

127. Felger JE, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic valvular surgery. Curr Opin Cardiol.
2003. (In press).

128. Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiothoracic surgeons should make decisions to operate soely on
medical grounds. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003. (In press).

129. Chitwood WR Jr. The Sabiston heritage: excellence in surgical education. Ann Surg.
2003. (In press).

130. Ghiassi S, Sun YS, Kim VB, Scott CM, Nifong LW, Rotondo MF, Chitwood WR Jr.
Methylene blue enhances resuscitation after refractory hemorrhagic shock. J Trauma.
2003. (In press).

131. Bolotin G, Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. A technique for evaluating
copetitive flow for intr-operative decision making in coronary artery surgery. Ann Thorac Surg.
2003. (In press).

132. Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic mitral valve surgery. Surgical
Clinics in North America
. 2003 (In press).

133. Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic mitral valve surgery, Semin
Thorac Cardivaco Surg
. 2003. (In press).

Review Articles:

1. Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac neoplasms: current diagnosis, pathology, and therapy. J Card Surg. 1988;3:119-154.

2. Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac neoplasms [Key References]. Ann Thorac Surg. 1989;48:451-453.

3. Miller JE, Chitwood WR Jr. PTCA failure. Coron Artery Dis. 1993;4:697-702.

4. Chitwood WR Jr, Wixon CL. Update in myocardial protection [Key References]. Ann Thorac Surg. 1995;59:253-254.

5. Elbeery, JR, Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Heart surgery for the 21st century. NC Med J. 1997;58:374-377.

6. Brown PM Jr, Chitwood WR Jr. Stroke risk in coronary artery bypass patients. Curr Surg. 1998;55:66-70.

7. Miraliakbari R, Francalancia NA, Chitwood WR Jr. Therapeutic angiogenesis: appropriate for clinical use? Curr Surg. 1999;56:255-258.

8. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive valve surgery: trends for the future. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1999;16(suppl 1):S64-S65.

9. Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong LW. Abstract and commentary. CTdigest.com [serial online]. November 1999;1(8). Review of: Vaturi M, Porter A, Adler Y, et al. The natural history of aortic valve disease after mitral valve surgery. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999;33:2003-2008.

10. Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong LW. Abstract and commentary. CTdigest.com [serial online]. February 2000;2(2). Review of: Grigioni F, Enriquez-Sarano M, Ling H, et al. Sudden death in mitral regurgitation due to flail leaflet. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999;34:2078-2085.

11. Felger JE, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic cardiac valve surgery: transcending the technologic crevasse! Curr Opin Cardiol. 2001;16:146-151

12. Chitwood WR Jr, Kypson AP, Nifong LW. Robotic mitral valve surgery: a technology
and economic revolution for heart centers. Am Heart Hosp J. 2003;1:30-39.

Editorials/Commentaries/Discussion/Introductions/Policy Statements/Documented Interviews:

1. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited discussion. Ann Surg. 1992;215:433. Discussion of: Craver JM, Weintraub WS, Jones EL, Guyton RA, Hatcher CR. Emergency coronary artery bypass surgery for failed percutaneous coronary angioplasty.

2. Chitwood WR Jr. The good physician: what should we be, Sir William? NC Med J. 1993;54:191-192.

3. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 1994;58:487-488. Commentary of: Kabbani SS, Jokhadar M, Meada R, et al. Atrial myxoma: report of 24 operations using the bilateral approach.

4. Chitwood WR Jr. Mitral Valve: repair or replace? Newsletter of the North Carolina Chapter of the American College of Cardiology. 1994;4:7.

5. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited discussion. Ann Surg. 1995;221:541. Discussion of: Ferrara JJ, Dyess DL, Peeples GL, et al. Effects of dopamine and dobutamine on regional blood flow distribution in the neonatal piglet.

6. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited discussion. Ann Surg. 1995;221:675. Discussion of: Van Trigt P, Bittner HB, Kendall SW, Milano CA. Mechanisms of transplant right ventricular dysfunction.

7. Chitwood WR Jr. National surveys: are they helpful? Ann Thorac Surg. 1995;59:275-276.

8. Chitwood WR Jr. The Internet and the thoracic surgeon: a "virtual" future. Ann Thorac Surg. 1996;61:1603-1606.

9. Chitwood WR Jr. Applause for AHEC and Osler. NC Med J. 1996;57:144-145. Commentary of: McMillan WO Jr. Medical education and health care reform: from Osler to AHEC.

10. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited discussion. Ann Surg. 1997;225:802-803. Commentary of: Tseng EE, Lee CA, Cameron DE, et al. Aortic valve replacement in the elderly. Risk factors and long-term results.

11. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited discussion. Ann Surg. 1997;225:809-810. Commentary of: King RC, Reece TB, Hurst JL, et al. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting decreases hospital stay and cost.

12. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997;63:700. Commentary of: Bjessmo S, Ivert T. Cardiac myxoma: 40 years' experience in 63 patients.

13. Chitwood WR Jr. Introducing East Carolina University and its surgical residency. Curr Surg. 1997;54:127-128.

14. Chitwood WR Jr. State of the art review: videoscopic minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. Trekking to a totally endoscopic operation. Heart Surg Forum. 1998;1:13-16.

15. Cohn LH, Chitwood WR, Dralle JG, et al. Policy statement: minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998;116:887-888.

16. Cohn LH, Chitwood WR, Dralle JG, et al. Course guidelines for minimally invasive cardiac sugery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998;116:889-890.

17. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1998;155:574-575. Commentary of: Mohr FW, Falk V, Diegeler A, Walther T, van Son JA, Autschbach R. Minimally invasive port-access mitral valve surgery.

18. Chitwood WR Jr. Endoscopic robotic coronary surgery is this reality or fantasy? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1999;118:1-3.

19. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 1999;67:1333. Commentary of Karagoz HY, Bayazit K., Battaloglu B, Kurtoglu M, Ozerdem G, Bakkaloglu B, Sonmez B. Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: the subxiphoid approach.

20. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Yim APC, Hazelrigg SR, Izzat MB, Landreneau RJ, Mack MJ, Nauheim KS, eds. Minimal Access Cardiothoracic Surgery. Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Co; 2000:629. Commentary of: Falk V. Robotic surgery.

21. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Ann Thora Surg. 2000;69:1181-1182. Commentary of: Reichenspurner H, Boehm DH, Gulbins H, et al. Three-dimensional video and robot-assisted port-access mitral valve operation.

22. Chitwood WR Jr. Discussion. Ann Thorac Surg. 2000;70:776-777. Discussion of: Fasol R, Lakew F, Pfrnnmuller B, Slepian MJ, Joubert-Hubner E. Papillary muscle repair surgery in ischemic mitral valve patients.

23. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive or conventional valve surgery: operations prevailing in 2020--the middle ground. J Card. Surg. 2000;15:1-2.

24. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive aortic valve surgery: what is "port-acccess"? Am Heart J. 2001;142:391-392.

25. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001;72:1263-1268. Commentary of: Damiano RJ, Rabaie HA, Mack MJ, Edgetron JR, Mullangi C, Graper P. Initial prospective multicenter clinical trial of robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting.

26. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001;72:13-17. Commentary of: Thistlewaite PA, Auger WR, Madani MM, Pradam S, Kapelanski DP, Jamieson SW. Pulmonary endarterectomy combined with other cardiac operations: indications, surgical approach, and outcome.

Commentary of: Byhahn C, Mierdl S, Meininger D, Wimmer-Greinecker G, Mathesis
G, Westphal K. Hemodynamics and gas exchange during carbon dioxide insufflaion for
totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting.

27. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. Ann Thorac Surg. 2001;71:1496-1501. Commentary of: Byhahn C, Mierdl S, Meininger D, Wimmer-Greinecker G, Matheis G, Westphal K. Hemodynamics and gas exhange during carbon dioxide isufflatin for totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting.

28. Cannon CP, Battler A, Brindis RG, Cox JL, Ellis SG, Every NR, Flaherty JT, Harrington RA, Krumholz HM, Simoons ML, Van De Werf FJJ, Weintraub WS, Mitchell KR, Morisson SL, Brindis RG, Anderson HV, Cannom DS, Chitwood WR, Cigarroa JE, Collins-Nakai RL, Ellis SG, Gibbons RJ, Grover FL, Heidenreich PA, Khandheria BK, Knoebel SB, Krumholz HL, Malnka DJ, Mark DB, Mckay CR, Passamani ER, Radford MF, Riner RN, Schwartz JB, Shaw RE, Shemin RJ, Van Fossen DB, Verrier ED, Watkins MW, Phoubandith DR, Furnelli T. American College of Cardiology key data elements and definitions for measuring the clinical management and outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes: a report of the American College of Cardiology Task Force on Clinical Data Standards (Acute Coronary Syndromes Writing Committee). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001;38:2114-2130.

29. Chitwood WR Jr. Commentary. Ann Surg. (In press). Commentary of: Kaza AK, Patel MR, Fiser SM, Long SM, Kern JA, Tribble CG, Kron IL. Ventricular reconstruction results improved left ventricular function and amelioration of mitral insufficiency.

30. Chitwood WR Jr. Commentary. Curr Surg. 2002;59:245-247. Commentary of: Baldwin JC. Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: current status.

31. Chitwood WR Jr. Developing and financing new technology. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
2002;124:223.

32. Chitwood WR Jr. Valve surgery and repair [audio interview]. Heart Surgery Forum
Cardiac Surgery Expert Interview Series; 2002. Available at:
http://www.hsforum.com/stories/storyReader$3530. Accessed December 27, 2002.

33. Chitwood WR Jr. Invited commentary. J Am Coll Surg. (In press). Commentary of:
Damiano MS. Prospective randomized evaluation of robotic versus laparoscopic surgical
training: advantages of computer-assisted surgery.

Historical/Biography:

1. Chitwood WR Jr. Stephen H. Watts: a disciple of Halsted. Surgery. 1976;79:293-298.

2. Chitwood WR Jr. John and William Hunter on aneurysms. Arch Surg. 1977;112:829-836.

3. Chitwood WR Jr, Stocks LH, Wolfe WG. Popliteal artery aneurysms. Past and present. Arch Surg. 1978;113:1078-1082.

4. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Wechsler AS. Ludlow's esophageal diverticulum: a preternatural bag. Surgery. 1979;85:549-553.

5. Chitwood WR Jr. Clarence Crafoord and the first successful resection of a cariac myxoma. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992;54:997-998.

6. Chitwood WR Jr. Memoir of W. R. Chitwood, Sr., M.D. Va Med J. 1993;120:229.

7. Chitwood WR Jr. Will C. Sealy, M.D.: the father of arrhythmia surgery-the story of the fisherman with a fast pulse. Ann Thorc Surg. 1994;58:1228-1239.

8. Chitwood, WR Jr. Will Camp Sealy, M.D. - Surgical pioneer, teacher, and gentleman. Ann Thorac Surg (In press)

9. Chitwood WR Jr. David C. Sabiston Jr.: teacher of surgeons. Ann Surg. 2002. (In press).

MONOGRAPHS

1. Chitwood WR Jr. Myocardial Preservation: Clinical Applications. In: Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac Surgery: State of the Art Reviews. Vol. 2. Philadelphia, Pa: Hanley & Belfus, Inc; 1988.

2. Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr. Coronary Artery Surgery in the 1990s. In: Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac Surgery: State of the Art Reviews. Vol. 5. Philadelphia, Pa: Hanley & Belfus, Inc; 1991.

BOOK/MONOGRAPH CHAPTERS:

1. Chitwood WR Jr. John Hunter's masterwork: a treatise on the blood, inflammation, and gunshot wounds. In: The Classics of Medicine Library. Birmingham, Ala: Gryphon Editions Ltd; 1982:21-30.

2. Chitwood WR Jr, Sabiston DC Jr. Pulmonary embolism. In: Norton LW, Eiseman B, eds. Surgical Decision Making. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W. B. Saunders Co; 1986:72-73.

3. Chitwood WR Jr, Sabiston DC Jr. Cardiac neoplasms. In: Nealon TF, ed. Management of the Patient with Cancer. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W. B. Saunders Co; 1986:286-307.

4. Chitwood WR Jr. Use of the intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation technique. In: Sabiston DC Jr, ed. Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice. 13th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W. B. Saunders Co; 1986:2468-2480.

5. Chitwood WR Jr. The diagnosis and management of myasthenia gravis. In: Sabiston DC Jr, ed. Essentials of Surgery. Philadelphia, Pa: W. B. Saunders Co; 1987:123-180.

6. Chitwood WR Jr, Austin EH. Penetrating and blunt cardiac trauma. In: Moylan J, ed. Surgical Trauma. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1987:121-180.

7. Chitwood WR Jr. Preface and historical introduction. In: Chitwood WR Jr, ed. Myocardial Preservation: Clinical Applications. In: Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac Surgery: State of the Art Reviews. Vol 2. Philadelphia, Pa: Hanley & Belfus, Inc; 1988:ix-xii.

8. Chitwood WR Jr. Myocardial protection by retrograde cardioplegia: coronary sinus and right atrial methods. In Chitwood WR Jr, ed. Myocardial Preservation: Clincal Applications. In: Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac Surgery: State of the Art Reviews. Vol 2. Philadelphia, Pa: Hanley & Belfus, Inc; 1988:197-218.

9. Chitwood WR Jr. Reoperative coronary surgery: indications, concerns, and techniques. In: Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr, eds. Coronary Artery Surgery in the 1990s. In: Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiac Surgery: State of the Art Reviews. Vol. 5. Philadelphia, Pa: Hanley & Belfus Inc; 1991:435-454.

10. Chitwood WR Jr. Intra-arotic balloon counterpulsation: physiology, indications, and technique. In: Sabiston DC Jr, ed. Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice. 14th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W. B. Saunders Co; 1991:2116-2126.

11. Chitwood WR Jr, Sabiston DC Jr. Pulmonary embolism. In: Norton LW, Steele G Jr, Eiseman B, eds. Surgical Decision Making. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W. B. Saunders Co; 1993:60-61.

12. Chitwood WR Jr, Elbeery JR. Cardiac and great vessels surgery. In: Cox SS, Pories WJ, Foil MB, Patselas TN, eds. Surgical Resident Curriculum. 2nd ed. Arlington, Va: The Assoication of Program Directors in Surgery; 1995:131-134.

13. Chitwood WR Jr, Sabiston DC Jr. Selected historical perspectives on the evolution of surgical science. In: Troidl H, McKneally MF, Mulder DS, Wechsler AS, McPeek B, Spitzer WO, eds. Surgical Research: Basic Principles and Clinical Practice. 3rd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag New York, Inc; 1998:23-37.

14. Chitwood WR Jr. Mitral valve repair: ischemic. In: Kaiser LR, Kron IR, Spray TL, eds. Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1998:309-321.

15. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. In: Oz MC, Goldstein DJ, eds. Contemporary Cardiology: Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, Inc; 1998:187-204.

16. Chitwood WR Jr, Francalancia NA, Elbeery JR. Cardiac and great vessels surgery. In: Cox SS, Pories WJ, eds. Surgical Resident Curriculum. 3rd ed. Arlington, Va: The Association of Program Directors in Surgery; 1999:190-193.

17. Chitwood WR Jr. Video-assisted minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: the micro-mitral operation. In: Cohen RG, Mack MJ, Fonger JD, Landreneau RJ, eds. Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery. St. Louis, Mo: Quality Medical Publishing, Inc; 1999:269-282.

18. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive cardiac valve surgery. In: Franco KL, Verrier ED, eds. Advanced Therapy in Cardiac Surgery. Hamilton, Ontario: B. C. Decker, Inc; 1999:145-158.

19. Elbeery JR, Koutlas TJ, Chitwood WR Jr. From MIDCAB to OPCAB and beyond: a race back to the future. In: Szabó Z, Lewis JE, Fantini GA, Savalgi RS, eds. Sugical Technology International VIII. San Francisco, Calif: Univeral Medical Press, Inc; 1999:188-192.

20. Chitwood WR Jr. Video-assisted minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: toward an endoscopic mitral operation. In: Yim APC, Hazelrigg SR, Izzat MB, Landreneau RJ, Mack MJ, Nauheim KS, eds. Minimal Access Cardiothoracic Surgery. Philadelphia, Pa: W. B. Saunders Co; 2000:563-575.

21. Chitwood WR Jr. Pulmonary embolism. In: Norton LW, Stiegmann GV, Eiseman B, eds. Surgical Decision Making. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Co; 2000:66-67.

22. Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong LW. Robotic assistance in cardiac surgery. In: Talamini MA, ed. Problems in General Surgery. Vol. 18(1). Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001:9-20.

23. Chitwood WR Jr. Practicing to a higher standard: patient first. In: Inside the Minds: The
Art and Science of being a Doctor
. Boston, Mass: Aspatore Books Inc; 2002:9-36.

24. Chitwood WR Jr. Robot-assisted mitral valve surgery. In: Franco KL, Verrier ED.
Advanced Therapy in Cardioac Surgery. 2nd ed. Hamilton, Ontario: B. C. Decker, Inc;
2003:220-230.

25. Chu VF, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery. In
Goldstein DJ, Oz MC. Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery. 2nd ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana
Press; 2003:3-20.

26. Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic mitral valve surgery. In: Cox J.
Seminars in Cardiothoracic Surgery. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby. (In press).

27. Chitwood WR Jr, Nifong JW. Limited-access mitral valve surgery. In: Gardner TJ, Spray TL, eds. Operative Cardiac Surgery. 5th ed. London, England: Arnold Publishers. (In
press).

28. Absolon KB, Naficy A, Chitwood WR Jr. First successful cardiac operation in men. In:
The Life, the Times, and the Work of Ludwig Rehn(1849-1930). Rockville, Md: Kabel
Publishers, Inc. (In press).

29. Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive and robotic valve surgery. In: Cohn LH, ed.
Textbook of Cardiothoracic Surgery. Blacklick, Ohio: McGraw-Hill. (In press).

30. Kypson AP, Chitwood WR Jr. Cardiopulmonary bypass during port-access and robotic
surgry. In: Munch, ed. Techniques in Extracorporeal Circulation. 4th ed. Burling,
MA: Butterworth-Heinemann. (In press).

31. Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery. In: Soper
NJ, Eubanks WS, Swanstrom LL. Mastery of Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgery. 2nd
ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (In press).

32. Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic and novel visualization systems. In:
Dellke, del Nido, Swanson, eds. Sabiston and Spencer's Surgery of the Chest. 7th ed.
Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Co. (In press).

ABSTRACTS:

1. Hill RC, Kleinman LH, Tiller WH, Chitwood WR Jr, Rembert JC, Wechsler AS. Evaluation of regional myocardial function and transmural blood flow in the awake dog during and after gradual circumflex artery occlusion. Federation Proceedings (became FASEB J in 1987, volume 1). 1978;37:468.

2. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Saltzman HA, Wechsler AS. The effect of hyperoxia and hyperbaria on transmural myocardial blood flow in the awake dog. Physiologist. 1978;21:20.

3. Sink JD, Pellom GL, Currie WD, Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Wechsler AS. Protection of mitochondrial function during ischemia by potassium cardioplegia: correlation with ischemia contracture. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1978;58:11.

4. Harward TRS, Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Wechsler AS. Segmental diastolic properties as an indicator of global ventricular compliance changes. Am J Cardiol. 1979;43:377.

5. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Cox JL, Wechsler AS. Effects of global ischemic arrest on ventricular compliance in man determined by pulse transit sonomicrometry. Am J Cardiol. 1979;43:378.

6. Sink JD, Hill RC, Chitwood WR Jr, Abriss R, Wechsler AS. Effect of phenylephrine on transmural distribution of myocardial blood flow. Federation Proceedings. 1979;38:II-956.

7. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Olsen CO, Sabiston DC Jr, Wechsler AS. Ventricular diastolic properties in man: the effects of global ischemia. Eur Heart J. 1980;1(suppl 1):180.

8. Chitwood WR Jr, Hill RC, Sink JD, Olsen CO, Wechsler AS. The comparative effects of intermittent ischemic arrest and potassium cardioplegia on ventricular compliance in patients. Am J Cardiol. 1981;47:417.

9. Woodruff WW, Hoeck BF, Chitwood WR Jr, Lyerly HK, Sabiston DC, Chen JT. Radiographic findings in pulmonary embolism. Radiology. 1984;153:80.

10. Thalman TA, Holter JF, Chitwood WR Jr. Effects of different types of ventilatory support on total body oxygen consumption. Respir Care Clin N Am. 1985;30:10.

11. Beggerly CE, Austin EH, Chitwood WR Jr. Current coronary artery surgery practices: a national survey. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1987;9(suppl A):123A.

12. Mustafa SJ, Ramagopal MV, Chitwood WR Jr. Demonstration of adenosine receptors in human coronary arteries. Federation Proceedings. 1987;46:1114. Abstract 4648.

13. Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Hypertrophy induced alterations in left ventricular refractoriness and force interval mechanics. Physiologist. 1987;30:155.

14. Morrison RF, Chapman SF, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Analysis of mechanics of cardiovascular compromise secondary to tension pneumothorax. Physiologist. 1987;30:215.

15. Chitwood WR Jr, Beggerly CE, Morrison RF, Austin EH, Lust RM. Protective effects of retrograde coronary sinus cardioplegia in chronic inflow restricted myocardium. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1987;76(suppl 4):IV-287. Abstract 1142.

16. Lust RM, Kasagi Y, Chapman SF, Morrison RF, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Influence of unilateral and bilateral internal mammary artery takedown on sternal blood flow. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1987;76(suppl 4):IV-488. Abstract 1946.

17. Lust RM, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Opiate effects on coronary flow responses to acute occlusion. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1987;76(suppl 4):IV-373. Abstract 1485.

18. Lust RM, Morrison RF, Austin EH, Chapman SF, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Chronic cyanosis and regulation of coronary vascular flow distribution. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1988;78(suppl 2):II-445. Abstract 1774.

19. Skipper ER, Lust RM, Morrison RF, Sun YS, Austin EH, Chitwood WR Jr. Superior protection of severe hypertrophy using retrograde coronary sinus cardioplegia. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1988;78(suppl 2):II-184. Abstract 732.

20. Lust RM, Kasagi Y, Morrison RF, Sun YS, Austin EH, Chitwood WR Jr. Residual sternal ischemia following median sternotomy repair despite retention of one intact internal mammary artery. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1988;78(suppl 2):II-477. Abstract 1902.

21. Smith MD, Harrison MR, Kandil H, Chitwood WR Jr, Salley R, Kwan OL, DeMaria AN. Overestimation of regurgitant jet area by transesophageal as compared to transthoracic color doppler. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989;13(suppl A):68A.

22. Lust RM, Chapman SF, Morrison RF, Etemad-Moghadam R, Chitwood WR Jr, Austin EH. Possible mechanisms of cocaine-induced sudden cardiac death. FASEB J. 1989;3(pt 1):A407. Abstract 1054.

23. Chien S, Oeltgen PR, Diana JN, Todd EP, O'Connor WN, Chitwood WR Jr. Hibernation induction trigger extended effective organ preservation time in a new autoperfusion multiorgan preparation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1989;13(suppl A):63A.

24. Austin EH, Chapman SF, Morrison RF, Chitwood WR Jr, Lust RM. Evidence for right ventricular ischemia during tension pneumothorax. Chest. 1989;96:238.

25. Lust RM, Sun YS, Etemad-Moghadam R, Chitwood WR Jr. Early formation of amaroid induced coronary collateral vessels is attenuated in severe left ventricular hypertrophy. FASEB J. 1990;4(pt 2):A946. Abstract 3946.

26. Lust RM, Sun YS, Chitwood, WR Jr. Increased sternal infection rate and delayed revascularization following bilateral internal mammary artery use. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1990;82(suppl 3):III-295. Abstract 1174.

27. Lust RM, Chunguang Li, Chitwood WR Jr. Coronary occlusion produces changes in vasodilator properties in adjacent, normally perfused vessels. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1990;82(suppl 3):III-378. Abstract 1499.

28. Chitwood WR Jr. Clinical results of automated nitroprusside infusion: a multicenter prospective study. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1990;82(suppl 3):III-508. Abstract 2018.

29. Hopson SB, Lust RM, Zeri RS, Sun YS, Dennis KJ, Otaki M, Chitwood WR Jr. Canine model for simultaneous differential evaluation of physiologic factors regulating induction of vascular proliferation in arterializing vein grafts. J Invest Surg. 1991;5:263.

30. Lust RM, Chunguang L, Chitwood WR Jr. Coronary Responses to adenosine are altered in receptor specific (A) fashion with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1991;84(suppl 2):II-264. Abstract 1050.

31. Lust RM, Chunguang L, Chitwood WR Jr. Compensatory nonischemic wall motion during a acute coronary occlusion is attenuated by significant pre-existing left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1991;84(suppl 2):II-617. Abstract 2453.

32. Datillo JB, Lust RM, Deng Q, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Early changes in the endothelium and adrenergic-mediated responsiveness of veins used as thoracic arterial bypass grafts. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992;19(suppl A):159A. Abstract 756-1.

33. Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Mechanical restitution patterns predict transition from stable left ventricular hypertrophy to decompensated failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992;19(suppl A):317A. Abstract 965-53.

34. Simpson J, Lust RM, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Evidence for a pulmonary microvascular injury with separation from cardiopulmonary bypass. ASAIO J. 1992;21:60.

35. Lust RM, Bode AP, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Effect of platelet vesiculation on heparin monitoring in extracorporeal bypass circuits. ASAIO J. 1992;21:60.

36. Otaki M, Lust RM, Sun YS, Norton TO, Spence PA, Chitwood WR Jr. Bilateral vs. single internal mammary artery (IMA) grafting for left main coronary artery occlusion. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993;21(suppl A):343A. Abstract 928-31.

37. Pabst SJ, Lust RM, Jolly SR, Sun YS, Dennis KJ, Chitwood WR Jr. Disparate effects of ischemic preconditioning in left ventriular hypertrophy. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1993;88(pt 2):I-538. Abstract 2899.

38. Lust RM, Pabst SJ, Jolly SR, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Recovery from transient regional ischemia (stun) is enhanced by chronic cyanosis. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1994;90(suppl 1):I-148.

39. Call KD, Lust RM, Azari KK, Sun YS, Otaki M, Chitwood WR Jr. Ischemia induced proto-oncogene expression is impaired in severely hypertrophied canine ventricular myocardium. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1994;90(pt 2):I-426. Abstract 2285

40. Sun YS, Lust RM, Rock DT, Call KD, Otaki M, Chitwood WR Jr. The importance of blood flow measurements in occlusive, anesthetized models of brain death. J Invest Surg. 1994;7:371.

41. Otaki M, Lust RM, Sun YS, Norton TO, Call KD, Rock DT, Chitwood WR Jr. Does proximal or distal placement of a supplemental vein graft have different effects on ITA flow or distal perfusion? J Invest Surg. 1994;7:363.

42. Norton TO, Lust RM, Otaki M, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Autogenous fascia tube grafts in the treatment of infected abdominal aortic grafts. ASAIO J. 1995;41:21.

43. Otaki M, Lust RM, Call KD, Rock DT, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Effects of Gore-tex shunt between both vena cavae of the recipient heart in experimental orthotopic heart/bilateral lung transplantation completed "off pump". ASAIO J. 1995;41(suppl):111.

44. Lust RM, Rock DT, Otaki M, Sun YS, Brockbank KG, Chitwood WR Jr. Small diameter cryopreserved saphenous vein aortocoronary bypass grafts: procurement technique and yearly patency. ASAIO J. 1995;41(suppl):111.

45. Lust RM, Bode A, Yang L, Hodges WH, Chitwood WR Jr. In-line leukocyte filtration during bypass: clinical results from a randomized prospective trial. ASAIO J. 1996;42:63.

46. Meadows WM Jr, Elbeery JR, Lust RM, Meadows LW, Parker FM, Swanson M, Chitwood WR Jr. Morbid obesity: a risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality in coronary artery bypass grafting. Chest. 1996;110(suppl):207S.

47. DeMaria AN, Chitwood WR Jr, Williams DO, et al. Regional variations in coronary revascularization: comparison of bypass surgery to angioplasty. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1996;27(suppl A):331A. Abstract 814-3.

48. Eskew TD, Philpott JM, Elbeery JR, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass vs. standard coronary artery bypass grafting. Chest. 1997;112(suppl):41S-42S.

49. Kim VB, Brown PM Jr, Gersh KA, Sun YS, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. A carotid stenosis model in canines. J Invest Surg. 1998;11:227.

50. Brown PM Jr, Kim VB, Boyer BJ, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr, Elbeery JR. Regional left ventricular systolic function in man during off pump coronary bypass surgery. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1998;98(suppl 1):I-408. Abstract 2146.

51. Philpott JM, Eskew TD, Kim VB, Brown PM Jr, Wixon CL, Foreman BH, Fairbrother SN, Sun YS, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Chronic hypertension compromises cerebral blood flow and metabolism in dogs during normothermic cardiopulmonay bypass. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1998;98(suppl 1):I-517. Abstract 2719.

52. Kim VB, Brown PM Jr, Philpott JM, Eskew TD, Sun YS, Gersh KA, Lust RM, Chitwood WR Jr. Cerebral metabolism and blood flow autoregulation are compromised during normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass in dogs with severe carotid artery stenosis. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 1998;98(suppl 1):I-685. Abstract 3603.

53. Ng P, Miraliakbari R, Taterosian B, Kim V, Philpott J, Swanson M, Sun Y, Lust R, Chitwood W. Deliberate hypotension preserves oxygen delivery in vital end-organs during hemorrhagic shock. Shock. 1999;11(suppl 1):73. Abstract 253.

54. Miraliakbari R, Philpott JM, Lust RM, Ng PC, Kim VB, Swanson MS, Sun YS, Chitwood WR Jr. Safety of delayed resuscitation as shown by organ-specific oxygen delivery. J Surg Res. 1999;86:302.

55. Chitwood WR Jr, McCotter, Sun YS, Philpott JM. Benefits of cardiopulmonary bypass on cerebral perfusion. ASAIO J. 2000;46:2.

56. Miraliakbari R, Ng P, Philpott J, Taterosian B, Kim V, Brown P, Swanson M, Sun Y, Lust R, Chitwood W Jr. Cerebral viability after grade IV hemorrhage: is immediate fluid resuscitation necessary? Shock. 2000;13(suppl 2):62. Abstract 188.

57. Albrecht RJ, Kim VB, Young JA, Sun YS, Bradfield JF, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Degradation of abdominal aorta elastin fibers after adventitial application of porcine elastase. J Invest Surg. 2000;13:226.

58. Kim VB, Albrecht RJ, Young JA, Sun YS, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Comparison of methylene blue and norepinephrine during severe hypovolemic shock in dogs. J Invest Surg. 2000;13:227.

59. Kim VB, Albrecht RJ, Young JA, SUn YS, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Effects of methylene blue on tissue perfusion during septic shock in dogs. J Surg Res. 2000;93:375.

60. Young JA, Estrada CA, Dixon VJ, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Perioperative hyperglycemia is associated with adverse outcomes in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. Circ J Am Heart Assoc. 2001;104(suppl 2):II-32. Abstract 3890.

61. Albrecht RJ, Kim VB, Young JA, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr, Chapman WH. Computer enhanced robotically assisted Nissen fundoplication in swine. Surg Endosc. 2001;15(suppl 1):S106.

62. Chapman WH, Albrecht RJ, Kim VB, Young JA, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Computer enhanced robotically assisted telemanipulative cholecystectomy. Surg Endosc. 2001;15(supply 1):S114.

63. Young JA, Chapman WHH III, Albrecht RJ, Kim VB, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Initial patient series with a robotic assisted Nissen fundoplication. Surg Endosc. 2001;15(supply 1):S175

64. Maziarz DM, Chu VF, Conquest AM, Garofalo JH, Sun YS, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr.
Use of nitinol U-clips decreses time for annuloplasty band placement in robotic mitral valve
repairs. J Am Coll Surg. 2002;195:S22.

65. Reade CC, Bower CE, Maziarz DM, Sun YS, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Nitinol
U-clips in robotic assisted mitral valve repair: a sheep model. Heart
Surg Forum
. 2003;6:118.

SURGICAL MOTION PICTURES:

1. Elbeery JR, Chitwood WR Jr. Intraoperative mammary arteriography of MIDCAB grafts via
the radial artery. Presented at: 84th Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons; October 26, 1998; Orlando Fla.

2. Nifong LW, Cohn WE, Chitwood WR Jr. Use of continuous pledget chain for prosthetic valve implantation. Presented at: Annual Meeting of NewEra Cardiac Care; January 4, 2000; San Diego, Calif

3. Young JA, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Ligation of left coronary to left ventricle fistula using robot assisted videoscopy. Presented at: Annual Meeting of the Southern Thoracic Surgical Association; Novermber 8, 200; Marco Island, Fla.

4. Chitwood WR Jr. First complete totally endoscopic mitral valve reapir in North America. Presented at: Annual Meeting of NewEra Cardiac Care; January 4, 2001; Dana Point, Calif.

5. Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. A complex mitral valve repair using a robotic surgical system. Presented at: Annual Meeting of NewEra Cardiac Care; January 5, 2001; Dana Point, Calif.

6. Nifong LW, Elbeery JR, Chitwood WR Jr. A complete mitral valve repair using a robotic surgical system. Presented at: Annual Meeting of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons; January 29, 2001; New Orleans, La.

7. Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Robotic mitral valve surgery: a videoscopic future. Presented at: 87th Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons; October 9, 2001; New Orleans, La.

8. Nifong LW, Chu V, Chitwood WR Jr. Innovative suture technology in mitral valve surgery. Presented at: Annual Meeting of NewEra Cardiac Care, January 4, 2002; Dana Point, Calif.

9. Chu VF, Nifong LW, YOung JA, Sorrell VL, Chitwood WR Jr. Alfieri mitral valve repair using da Vinci robot. Presented at: Annual Meeting of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons; January 29, 2002; Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

10. Reade CC, bower CE, Maziarz DM, Conquest AM, Sun YS, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr.
Nitinol U-clips in robotic assisted mitral valve repair: a sheep model. Sixth Annual
Meeting of NewEra Cardiac Car; January 4, 2003; Laguna Nigel, Calif.

11. Bolotin G, Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Video-assisted mitral valve repair
and left atrial ablation through a right mini-thoracotomy. Sixth Annual Meeting of NewEra
Cardiac Care; January 4, 2003: Laguna Nigel, Calif.

12. Reade CC, Bower CE, Kypson AP, Nifong LW, Chitwood WR Jr. Minimally invasive
robotic microwave atrial fibrillation ablation with mitral valve repair. CTSNet. Availabe
at: http://www.ctsnet.org/realmedia/vg2003-chitwood-afib.ram. Accessed May 30, 2003.

BOOK REVIEWS:

1. Chitwood WR Jr, reviewer. Ann Surg. 1985;201:252. Review of: Ellis H, ed. Famous Operations.

2. Chitwood WR Jr, reviewer. Ann Surg. 1985;203:447-448. Review of: Waldhausen JA, Pierce WS, eds. Johnson's Surgery of the Chest. 5th ed.

3. Chitwood WR Jr, reviewer. Ann Surg. 1990;211:103. Review of: Symbas PN, ed. Cardiothoracic Trauma. 2nd ed.

4. Chitwood WR Jr, reviewer. As Cardiovasc Thorac Ann. 2000;8:94. Review of: Walker WS, ed. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery.

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